WHAT IS IT?
Muscles in the lower leg are divided into compartments by sheaths of fascia, which are relatively inflexible. When muscles within a compartment increase in size, commonly due to increased blood flow, a corresponding increase in pressure occurs within the compartment as the fascia surrounding the muscles does not stretch. The anterior (front) compartment of the lower leg is the most common site, accounting for 70% of cases.
Gradual pain, cramping, and tightness of the muscles in the front of the leg during or after exercise, with an increase in symptom intensities even after exercise. The area will feel tender and hot upon palpation. Altered sensations, such as numbness, or tingling, may occasionally be felt in the foot. Potential muscle weakness may lead to a 'drop foot.'
If the condition is mild, strengthening the muscle in the anterior compartment, as well as the other compartments is helpful. If left undiagnosed or if the above conservative methods were unsuccessful, a fasciotomy (a procedure where the the fascia surrounding the muscles are cut) is the most effective method to treat this condition.
Check out the Calf Raise Protocol video
Health content provided by Dr. Reed Ferber and the Running Injury Clinic